Child safety restraints in motor vehicles have proven to significantly reduce the risk of serious injury and death among youth. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the danger is slashed by as much as 71 percent.
But the car seats and restraints only work if they are used properly. According to a new study published in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine, that is not happening in a large percentage of family vehicles.
Researchers reviewed data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's national survey on booster seat use from 2007 to 2009, which included nearly 22,000 children. The researchers staked out gas stations, child care centers, recreation facilities and restaurants to observe whether children were properly restrained as they pulled into these locations. Researchers then asked the driver about the child's age, ethnicity and race.